The 10 benefits of rose floral water used daily

Beacon product of natural cosmetics, rose floral water has for many years known a tremendous success. Its virtues are multiple and will allow you to get rid of a great number of composite products containing chemicals that are dangerous for your skin and may contain alcohol.

What is rose floral water?

It is made by distillation: rose petals are heated in distilled water and the water temperature is turned down before the water starts boiling. The vapour is then caught and the mixture when cooled is filtered in order to obtain rose floral water. Its composition is therefore entirely natural.

Pleasingly fragrant, multiplying the benefits to the face, it is also used in the composition of many beauty products such as tonic lotions, make-up cleansers or products for the bath and the shower…

Its properties

Rose floral water (or hydrolat) is a true ally of the skin. It will sanitize it, tone it, but also will bring a soothing and wellbeing to stressed skin and help find inner peace.

  1. It cleanses, hydrates and protects your skin deep down

Rose floral water is a natural antibacterial. It has many virtues, among which, the ability to sanitize, smoothening and firming of the skin. In addition, it will give your complexion a healthy glow and you will look younger.

  1. It fights wrinkles very efficiently

This floral water is a product rich in vitamins C and E, vitamins that are antioxidant and fight the action of free radicals in the organism: it will contribute in pushing back the ageing of skin. This water can also be used to get rid of ugly stretch marks.

  1. It has healing virtues

The floral water can help heal scars more quickly, as well as wounds and acne.

Very respectful of sensitive skins, it is also recommended in cases of acne as it takes care of facial skin problems: it will limit the number of pimples and its antiseptic and healing properties may help prevent unsightly scars. It is however not recommended in the case of rosacea.

Its antibacterial and healing virtues will also show efficacious against mouth sores and skins ulcers.

  1. It is an excellent after sun care.

After spending a day in the sun, rose floral water will help you in taking care of your skin as it fights the harmful effects of the sun. Vaporise rose floral water on all parts of the body that have been exposed to the sun and you will feel an immediate relief.

  1. It can be used as a hair mask

Rose floral water when applied to the hair helps getting rid of impurities and brings up a healthy shine. Massaging the scalp with rose floral water will calm irritations and inflammation and also enhance blood circulation to assist hair growth.

  1. It rubs away puffy eyes

If you wake up every morning with puffy eyes, rose floral water will do miracles. Soak some cotton swabs with rose floral water and have them kept in a cool place. Place these swabs on your eyes and wait for them to act. A few minutes later your eyes’ puffiness and the dark circle under your eyes will all but disappear or certainly be much faded.

  1. It fights constipation

If bothered by constipation, add a little rose floral water in your dishes or heat it up and drink it like a herb tea. All your digestive problems should ease.

  1. It soothes headaches

In the case of a slight migraine, soak a rose floral water compress and apply it to your forehead. Let it stay there for a little while and you will feel relieved. If the migraine persists, the problem may be more serious and you will need to see your general practitioner

  1. It will re-boost and destress

The perfume of rose floral water, in addition to being very pleasant and subtle, possesses tonic and rejuvenating properties. When experiencing a slack moment in your day, spray a little on your wrists and before you know you will be feeling great again.

  1. It fades away stains

Applied regularly by pouring some rose floral water on a cotton swab and leaving it to treat a particular stain, it will help making the ungracious stain fade or even disappear.


For whom?

Its soothing, healing and tonic properties suit all types of skin whatever age you are. The interesting fact about a hydrolat as compared to an essential oil is that it has a much lower dosage and as a result is much less likely to provoke allergic reactions.

Risks, precautions and counter-indications: if your skin is hypersensitive, test the rose floral water first on a small part of the body and see if some redness appears. It is probably unlikely, but better safe than sorry…

How to use?

Benefits for the skin


Pour half a litre of rose floral water in your bath and enjoy the glorious sensation of softness and soothing it provides: you will feel more serene and you will have left all unnecessary tension behind.

To improve your body lotion, your mask or your shampoo add a teaspoon of it to the bottle.



Crunch up 10 to 15 basil leaves and add them to 200 ml of rose floral water. Refrigerate in a spray bottle.

Spray this mixture on your body after every exposure to the sun and it will soothe your skin perfectly. It will also prevent negative effects of sunburn. It will help in the healing of redness and prevent hot flush eruptions or irritation.


Benefits for the face

You can use this marvellous floral water in either or both of your morning and evening routine.


In the morning, as a tonic lotion, with a cotton swab or as a spray, it will be an excellent cleanser and purifying agent for your facial skin and it will wake up your facial features. You can then follow it with your normal make-up routine. A few drops of floral water can also be added to your day cream or your hydrating cream.


Every night, as a make-up remover lotion, place on your face a compress soaked with rose floral water mixed with a little argan or sweet almond oil to remove the last specks of make-up and render your skin more tonified.

To optimize its anti-wrinkle power, place your bottle in the refrigerator. The cold temperature will enhance tenfold its stretching effect and you will have a radiant and fresh complexion…


Mix an equal amount of organic lemon juice and rose floral water.

Apply this mixture on the zone affected by acne and let it stay for about quarter of an hour.

Wash your face with fresh water. This mixture will help in drying the acne and reduce imperfections and scars.


60 ml of rose floral water + 30 ml orange blossom floral water. Spray every morning on your face.


Benefits on your hair



Brush your hair thoroughly and apply rose floral water on the tips going upwards toward the roots. You can leave this all night and wash your hair the next morning. You can also spray the tips of your hair during the day or add two tablespoons of rose floral water in your shampoo.


How to choose?

As for all hydrolats, make sure that you are buying a product 100% pure. This means that no alcohol has been added and/or any preservative. If it adds ‘organic’ on the label, so much the better.

Where to buy?

It is totally possible for you to make your own. All you need is 100 g of rose petals and rose buds (not sprayed) and 25 cl of boiling distilled water (or mineral water). Allow it to infuse for 20 minutes, away from the stove, then filter the mixture (this procedure can also be used for other plants such as peppermint or orange blossom for example). The alternative is to purchase from an organic distributor, in a pharmacy or online. When buying a floral water always check that it contains no essential oil.

Conservation mode

The only disadvantage of a hydrolat is that its shelf life is only about 6 months. It must be kept in a cool place once opened.

Say ‘yes’ to rose floral water with your eyes closed… So very natural and combining a multitude of very appreciated properties, it will bring you wellness and freshness and your skin will be amazing.


12 Frequent mistakes for beginners using Essential Oils

Health, home, cosmetics… essential oils, pleasant to use, are more and more part of our daily life. Natural remedies are now often an alternative to traditional medical treatments or are a complementary product. But beware, they can quickly become toxic.

Here is a list of the most commonly made mistakes:

Mistake n°1: not to seek information

EOs are natural but powerful, even sometimes dangerous to use: they must therefore be used in a secure manner. Some EOs should never be used on the skin or must not be ingested… Being knowledgeable on the matter is therefore very important. Seek information regarding counter-indications, carry out allergy tests in the crook of the elbow and be respectful of dosage.

Please note: If your intention is to use EOs therapeutically or if you want to advise members of your family, think of being informed through an online training, reading serious literature, consulting a professional or scrolling through various web sites.

Beware: you must remain alert and careful when reading and applying these advices.

Mistake n°2: skimp on quality

The purchase of essential oils must not be done lightly.

Given today’s great enthusiasm regarding aromatherapy, and potential commercial derivatives, numerous synthetic products have either no or at best lesser effects. Check ingredients to make sure that the EOs are pure, that is to say, that they are free of any additives. A good guide regarding quality is the mention of its Latin name.

In practice: to check the quality of an EO: drop one drop on a blotter. If a lighter area shows up around the drop, it means it has been diluted in a VO.


Mistake n°3: neglect their conservation

The bottle is a guarantee of quality of the EO.

In practice: it should be in dark glass (never in plastic) and rather small in size (5 to 10 ml). EOs do not like the light nor oxygen (think of closing your bottle after usage).


 Please note: keep EOs in a cool place, dry and away from daylight.

Most EOs have a shelf life of five years maximum.

In order to keep citrus EOs in good condition, put them in the fridge for two to three years.

All essential oils from wood last up to four years.

The ones that are spices, don’t move. They can even improve with age.

Mistake n°4 : combine essential oils and homoeopathy

Essential oils and homoeopathy must not be used simultaneously.

Mint, in all its forms, is not compatible with a homoeopathic treatment because it tends to tighten micro-vessels situated under the tongue through which saliva seeps in and therefore it stops the absorption of granules.

In practice: Start with the homoeopathic treatment and wait about an hour before using essential oils


Mistake n°5: Applying pure EOs on the skin

The skin is a royal path for EOs. However, it is also fragile et easily irritated. It is therefore recommended to dilute the EO in a VO.

Please note: in some emergency situations (mosquito bite or burn), you can apply directly 1 or 2 drops of pure essential oil (the vegetable oil could slow down the effect of the essential oil).

If in doubt, test it or ask your local pharmacist for advice.

Mistake n°6: combine EO

In practice:

– Do not combine several treatments containing EOs without advice from a professional if you want to avoid a toxicity threshold

– Do not use one EO instead of another without reliable advice

– If the treatment is to be carried out over several weeks or months, always build in a pause of one week in three.

– Always respect the correct dosage as indicated. In case of doubt consult your pharmacist.

– If there is not notable effect after taking an EO, do not persist and do not increase the dosage at a glance. Consult your doctor.

Beware: Taking an EO does not substitute a classical medical treatment without advice from a professional.

Mistake n°7: Lack of vigilance during pregnancy

Essential oils are not recommended during the first three months of pregnancy because they can filter through into the placenta and become harmful to the foetus. They can also become abortive, stimulate contractions, increase the risk of a miscarriage and wreak havoc with the hormone balance. After this period, some oils can be used but not through the oral route. Others will remain out of question until the end of the pregnancy.

Please note: Avoid dangerous essential oils, such as cinnamon, basil, black pepper, eucalyptus, clove, oregano, tea tree, clary sage and organic sage, fennel, wintergreen, myrrh (this is not an exhaustive list. Ask for a full list by speaking to a health professional).

In practice: Favour floral waters and aromatic hydrolats that are more appropriate because more gentle. These are less concentrated with only 0,05 à 0,10 % of active ingredients.

Mistake n°8: Prolonged use


Diffusion: It is not recommended to diffuse for more than 8 hours, even with base oils. After a certain time, they lose their effect on the brain and can start irritating the respiratory tract or be the cause of headaches and nausea.

 Please note: A diffusion of 20 to 30 minutes is generally sufficient.


In practice: Do not diffuse continuously in a small, stuffy room or in a room in which a child is sleeping.


Regarding direct inhalation (breathing directly from the bottle or above a steamy bowl of boiling water), 5 minutes are sufficient. To breathe in deeply from the bottle can sometimes by three times more effective and much more practical. It saves having children and pets breathing in diffused aromatic air.

In practice: In inhalation, remember to close your eyes to avoid irritation (especially with mint) and do not exceed 5 minutes (perhaps 10 minutes at most).


The internal use of certain oils, with medical advice, is not recommended long term, such as oregano.

Mistake n°9: Not using them wisely with children

Children are smaller, it is therefore logical that the quantities used will be smaller too.

Always dilute EOs in a VO before applying on a child (for a baby, the dilution should even be greater. In the order of one drop for 20 ml of VO)

In practice:


– Do not apply EOs on the face or on the hands in order to avoid any contact with the eyes and mouth.

NEVER five an EO by oral route to a child, unless advised to do so by a medical practitioner.

– Some oils are not suited for children (oregano and lemongrass [cymbopogon flexuosus], for example).

Please note: Chamomile and incense are gentle oils for children. Dilute them and use them in massage on the sole of the feet after having tested them on a small area of skin. Put socks on the child when the massage is finished.

Mistake n°10: Apply photo-sensitive EOs before sunbaking

Some EOs, particularly citrus ones, augment the sensitivity of the skin when exposed to sunshine.

In practice: It is preferable to use these only at night in areas that are not exposed or not to sunbake in the 12 hours following an application.


Mistake n°11: Perfume bath water with pure essential oils without a dispersant

Essential oils cannot be used pure in bath water. You could actually burn your skin as the drops of essential oil remain in suspension in the water.

In practice: in order to make essential oils soluble in water, you need to use a dispersant or an emulsifier. Solubol can be used or a shower gel, a shampoo. These should be as neutral as possible.

Mistake n°12: Apply peppermint essential oil to the temples

Peppermint essential oil is an irritant for ocular mucous.

In practice: Apply it preferably at the base of the neck. A solution of 10% of peppermint essential oil in local application will soothe the pain. Wash your hands thoroughly before and after application.


How to use fennel essential oil?

With this very specific aniseed odour, its component anethol is also used in the manufacturing of spirits in the South of France and it reminds people of cicadas and the singing sound of the speech of the local people.

All well and good, but the fennel essential oil is one of the EOs to handle with care.


Botanic characteristics

Very highly appreciated in food for its aniseed flavour, fennel is a common vegetable that is found in India, Japan, central Europe and all around the Mediterranean.

It is a tall perennial plant that reaches a height of 1 to 2 m with:

  • Long stems closely tightened at the base within a large sheath.
  • Dark green leaves, finely chiselled in the shape of strips.
  • Yellow flowers in bunches and small greenish fruit.
  • Leaves and fruit have an aniseed perfume.

The EO of fennel is a yellowish liquid, slightly viscous that is obtained by extraction from the grains.


Yield: 100kgs of grains produce 2 to 6 kgs of EO

Composition of sweet fennel EO (seeds)

  • Ethers: trans-anethol (75-90%),methyl-chavicol (Estragol, Trans Anethol)
  • Monoterpenes (8 à 15%): limonene, alpha-pinene, alpha-phellandrene
  • Ketones monoterpenics: Fenchone (1-5%) No more than 7 days in a row
  • Furocoumarines: traces


Let us make it clear, we are talking here about sweet fennel (Foeniculum vulgare variety dulce). There is also a bitter fennel (vulgare) with more ketones and less trans-anethol (overall much less tolerated).

Properties of sweet fennel EO

Despite the necessary precautions that need to be taken, sweet fennel EO has very interesting properties:

Actions of trans-anethol

  • Stimulates breastfeeding +++: by mimicking the action of estrogen it enhances the production of maternal milk
  • Antispasmodic +++: fights digestive or respiratory muscular spasms. It soothes involuntary contractions.
  • Relieves digestive troubles +++: stimulates saliva, gastric, intestinal and pancreatic secretions.


Actions of ketones

  • Nervous, respiratory and cardiac tonic +++ 
  • Analgesic ++: alleviates pain.


Action of phenols methyl-ethers

  • Anti-inflammatory ++: soothes sensations of heat and redness


Action of monoterpenes

  • Respiratory tonic++: the stimulation by alpha pinene provokes a sensation of clearing of the respiratory tract.

Indications and route of administration of sweet fennel EO

Atmospheric route

It is not an EO that can be diffused or inhaled (because of the neurotoxic ketones).

Dermal route

This route remains interesting, even though this EO can be irritating. It can be useful in massage on the stomach in the case of:

  • Gas and spasms
  • Flatulence, hiccup, nausea, colitis, constipation
  • Crohn’s disease symptoms and inflammatory colitis
  • Painful or irregular periods, absence of periods.
  • Its antispasmodic properties can also be a help in the case of rheumatism, lumbar or muscular pain.

Oral route

It is the most appropriate route for this EO (even in the kitchen)

It acts on digestive problems, problems of lactation, painful periods and the menopausal syndrome.

The maximal usage is 3 times a day / 1 drop of a carrier (honey or a vegetable oil for example. Leaving it in the mouth under the tongue for a few seconds).

In cooking, sweet fennel EO can bring an added flavour in desserts for example. Dilute the EO (2 drops will flavour a dish) in an oily substance (oil or butter for example) or some dispersant before incorporating it in the dish.


Dangers et counter-indications of sweet fennel EO

Sweet fennel EO should be used in moderation as its usage in high doses could provoke convulsions.

It is not recommended for:

– children under the age of 8 and pregnant women.

– people suffering from a hormonal cancer (breast, uterus) or suffering from antecedents.

– people suffering from hypothyroid (it blocks the activity of the thyroid).

It is:

– an irritant to the skin: therefore it should always be applied when diluted in a VO.

– potentially photo-sensitive (presence of furocoumarines)

neurotoxic (presence of ketones)

oestrogen-like: strong influence on the hormonal system (strong concentration in anethol). As a result it is forbidden by dermal route below the abdominal belt in pregnant women.

This is indeed a lot of precautions listed but this EO remains very useful for all woman problems if it is used carefully and for a short duration.

Weary to try? Eat some fennel J. It is a milder way of using it especially for digestion and lactation.

A few usage suggestions:


The information provided could not be considered as medical information nor engage Pacific Scents responsibility as to your usage of essential oils for yourself or anyone else. We strongly invite you to compare the information with that of authoritative experts and the opinion of health professionals


For breastfeeding women, the use by dermal route is authorised only if recommended by a medical practitioner. In all cases, consult a health professional (medical or pharmacist) before ingesting any.

– Do not use this EO long term


In the case of difficult breastfeeding

  • By oral route, 2 drops of Fennel EO on a neutral tablet, morning, midday and at night.
  • By dermal route (D. Festy), 1ml fennel EO, 1ml basil in 8ml of VO: apply 4 drops of this mixture on the breast twice a day. Even baby may be happier because fennel will fix his colic.

Assistance with childbirth

(when contractions have started and the date is right).

fennel / palmarosa / true lavender at equal ratio (10%) + 90% sweet almond oil.

At the very start of contractions, massage the abdomen every two hours and bring the massages closer together at the same pace as the contractions.

You can also add noble laurel / bay leaf to give you courage if needed.

In the case of a digestive ulcer

From the age of 8 onwards & adults. By oral route, 2 drops of fennel on a neutral tablet, morning, midday and at night.

Against aerophagia, bloating and flatulence

From the age of 8 onwards & adults

  • By oral route, take 1 drop of fennel in a teaspoon of VO or honey, 3 times a day.
  • By dermal route, dilute 1 ml of fennel EO in 4 ml of VO, apply to the abdomen 3 times a day.


Cardamom EO could be more effective (same dosage)

Against difficult digestion

From the age of 8 onwards & adults

  • By dermal route,1 drop of fennel EO in 4 drops of VO, massage the abdomen after each meal.
  • By oral route, place 1 drop of pure fennel EO under the tongue or on a support after each meal.


Basil EO could be more effective (same dosage)

As a support through menopause

By oral route, 2 drops in a teaspoon of olive oil:

  • Before menopause: 3 times a day from the 7th to the 21st day of the cycle
  • After menopause: 3 times a day for three weeks, repeat with a pause of one week between each stretch of 3 weeks.


Clary sage EO could be more effective (same dosage)

In the case of dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea

Adolescents & adults. 

  • By dermal route,1 drop of sweet fennel EO in 4 drops of VO on the lower abdomen 3 times a day for 10 days before the beginning of periods.
  • External route: 2 drops of fennel EO mixed with 2 drops of hazelnut oil, massaging the abdomen, to improve digestion and assist period pain.


Clary sage EO could be more effective (same dosage)

For cellulite (L. ET S. PRICE)

By dermal route, 1ml sweet fennel EO, 1 ml juniper EO, 1 ml geranium EO, 0.5 ml Incense EO in 200 ml of VO. Apply this mixture with an exfoliant glove.

Natural protection from the sun with VEGETABLE OILS

Were you aware that there is a natural alternative to all sun products filled with components harmful to your health? Discover all the ESSENTIAL OILS and VEGETABLE OILS you could use in your homemade cosmetics that will protect you from the sun…


Sun protection and SPF

A few reminders before getting in the thick of the subject:

UVs are produced by sun rays and they cause damage at the level of the epidermis. As a result, a prolonged exposure of the skin will result in serious health risks: premature ageing, burns and skin problems…


The “Sun Protection Factor” SPF is a measure made in a laboratory (1), it represents a relationship between the time when you become sunburnt with or without sunscreen. For example, an SPF=30 printed on a product, means that you would need 30 times more UV radiation exposure using this product before getting sunburnt (1). It concerns mostly anti-UVB protection whereas UVA are just as responsible for redness, burns or skin ageing.

But, we all know it, to preserve as long as possible our solar capital, you should not sun bake for hours under a leaden sun, during the hottest time of day and rather choose to sit in the shade and wear a T-shirt as much as possible…


precautionsList of toxic ingredients in sunscreens:

Synthetic filtering products issued from petrochemicals (they will end up on coral reefs and are toxic to marine life that ingests them).

  • Ethyl-hexyl-methoxycinnamate
  • Benzophenone (BP-1, BP-2, BP-3 or BZ-3, Escalol 567, Uvinul M40, Uvasorb Met)
  • 4-methyl-benzyl-idenetoxics camphor (4-MBC)

The nutrients (contributing to the proliferation of algae and destabilising the marine ecosystem)

  • phosphates
  • ammonium


Natural filtering agent:

dioxide of titanium (TiO2)

carcinogenic et noxious to coral and phytoplankton


Endocrine disruptors

  • Oxybenzone (BP3 or BZ-3)
  • Butyl 4-hydroxybenzoate or butylparaben (BP)
  • 4-methylbenzylidene camphor (4-MBC)
  • Octyl-methoxycinnamate (OMC)


Vegetable Oils that protect you from UVs

Oils and butters can be an alternative to protective creams (sunscreens) as long as it is for a short exposure to direct sun rays (less than an hour and if choosing the advised hours for exposure – avoiding the hours between 11 am and 4 pm, remembering that daylight-saving time has to be considered too) and for exposure in non-direct sunshine (these are not advised for long exposure on the beach or by the poolside).

In all other situations, use a specific product with an SPF index adapted to your needs and purchase it in a pharmacy or a specialised provider.

protection INDEXES

Vegetable oils have a protection index that can vary between 0 and around 35.

250% to get through that can result in redness and burns
1593% that can result in redness and burns
2095% that can result in redness and burns
3097% therefore, it allows 3% to get through
5098% therefore, it allows 2% to get through

SOME VOs and their protection index


These oils can be used pure or in association (or several in a mixture) in the morning to protect your skin from UVs and at night for hydration, soothing and nourishment. Of course, these are not on their own sufficient for an intensive exposure to the sun! You would need to add in this case one or two sunscreens such as zinc cream or titanium dioxide (without nanoparticles).


Raspberry pip oil beats all records and provides a protection index between 28 and 50 according to Anthony O’Lenick author of the book: “Oils of Nature”.

Wheat germ oil: very rich in vitamin E, but also in many other vitamins such as A, C and B, this oil protects the skin’s cells very effectively and is suitable to all types of skin.

Avocado oil: light protection against UVs with a sun protection index of 15, it will help avoid sunburn if only staying in the sun for a short time. It is also suitable for all skin types: dry, sensitive or normal.

Virtues of anti-UVs vegetable oils

The usage of VOs is especially recommended if you would like a beautiful, healthy skin while at the same time protecting the epidermis against UVs and sunburn because they are:

  • very rich in antioxidants,
  • very rich in omega and vitamins,
  • extremely nourishing,
  • preserve the freshness and softness of the skin when the temperature is high and sunburn is likely,
  • favour skin wellness
Please note :

The oil needs to be saturated OR mono-unsaturated, since UVs oxidise very quickly oils that are poly-unsaturated. It is therefore paramount to avoid oils such as sunflower, rapeseed, hemp, linen, sesame, and in general any oil having a reasonable amount of poly-unsaturated oil in its components.


Essential Oils

If your skin tans easily, if you have an olive skin complexion or if you have already been in the sun a bit, these oils will be a good addition to your Vos. For fair skins, be careful and renew application regularly.

A few Essential Oils and their PROTECTION index

lavender EO possesses also anti-inflammatory and regenerative properties. It doesn’t provide a high SPF but it will soothe an inflammation at its beginning.

Peppermint EO will add a little freshness to the vegetable oil which is a bonus in very hot weather.

Furthermore, if you have never used EOs or VOs, you will need to test them before using them on your entire body. EOs and  VOs may provoke an allergic reaction and it is, therefore, preferable to test a drop on a discreet part of the body (such as the inner side of the elbow, behind the ear) and find out if your skin has a reaction.

Ideas for home-made creams


Another little warning: the sun protection offered by these products remains relatively weak in comparison with chemical products found in shops. Sunbake with moderation, especially if you have fair skin or sensitive skin.

Ingredients for a sun cream:

  • 4 tablespoons of coconut oil (about 40g)
  • 4 tablespoons of shea butter (about 40g)
  • 1 tablespoon of beeswax (about 10g)
  • 2 tablespoons of zinc cream (or zinc oxide)
  • To keep the cream for longer, you can add a few drops of vitamin E.
  • Choose a zinc oxide « without nano », that will ensure that there will be no nanoparticles in the powder.

Instructions of use:

  • Melt the beeswax in a bain-marie
  • Add the shea butter and the coconut oil.
  • Mix with a well-sanitized utensil.
  • Let the mixture cool down and add the remaining ingredients.
  • Put your cream in a sterilised container (with boiling water for example). With the vitamin E, the cream can be kept for six months. Between two uses, keep your cream in a cool place if possible.


And also after the sunburn

Coconut oil has the characteristic of being solid at temperatures close to 20°C. It hydrates the skin deeply and is also a perfect oil for dehydrated hair. It is an oil ideal for making balms easily.

Ingredients for an after-sun cream


Instructions of use:

  • Melt the coconut oil in a container, in a bain-marie.
  • Let it cool down once melted
  • Add the lavender EO
  • Mix with a well-sanitized utensil.
  • Place the jar in the refrigerator for about twenty minutes.
  • Apply on the areas that have been affected (redness) by sunbaking, including the face (avoid the area around the eye).


The information provided could not be considered as medical information nor engage Pacific Scents responsibility as to your usage of essential oils for yourself or anyone else. We strongly invite you to compare the information with that of authoritative experts and the opinion of health professionals.



(1) Kaur CD, Saraf S. In vitro sun protection factor determination of herbal oils used in cosmetics. Pharmacognosy Res. 2010 Jan;2(1):22-5. /

How to use Geranium Essential Oil

This EO is very interesting in at least 3 areas: repel mosquitoes, make cosmetics and oust haemorrhoids.

Its gentle flowery scent is ideal for cosmetics. In addition to its scent, this EO also has marvellous properties. I am suggesting today to help you discover all the benefits of this EO for your skin and more… Acne, psoriasis… even depression. Nothing seems to resist the formidable strength of geranium rose EO!

You are going to know all about it: its properties, its counter-indications, its usage.

The secrets of Geranium rose Essential Oil

The EO is extracted from a plant, the rose geranium, also known as Pelargonium Graveolens, found mostly in Morocco, Madagascar, Reunion Island, Russia, China and Egypt.

It is extracted by water vapour from the stem of the plant, allowing to retain unharmed all its virtues and characteristics, and more especially its particular scent.


The yield: with 1 tonne of Bourbon geranium leaves, 1.7 kg of EO is produced.


Composition of the Bourbon geranium Essential Oil


The biochemical composition can evolve depending on the productions conditions.

Bourbon Geranium EO, extracted from the leaves of the plant, is very complex and contains more than 250 different components. Among the most important are the following:

  • Monoterpenol (citronellol, geraniol, linalool, nerol): 60 to 68% anti-infectious and gentle (antibacterial, antiviral), promotes grounding from a psychological viewpoint
  • Terpenic esters (citronellyl formiates, geranyl) 10 to 15%: skin friendly, anti-spasmodic and anti-inflammatory
  • Aldehydes (neral, geranial, citronellal) around 10%: anti-inflammatory, soothing


Properties and indications

It is multipurpose EO and you can use it in many different ways.

However, rose geranium EO is particularly successful in the use of skin problems because of its anti-inflammatory and anti-spasmodic properties. It is one of the most widely used EO in cosmetics because it is suitable for all skin types and it adds a very pleasant scent to all preparations.

It is also astringent and can balance sebum, hence its use against acne, in the care of oily, dry and wrinkled skin.

The following virtues of rose geranium EO are also worth mentioning:

  • Antibacterial, anti-infectious, antifungal: for mycosis and impetigo
  • Anti-spasmodic: digestion problems or painful periods
  • Haemostatic and healing: wounds, cuts (when shaving for example) or small burns
  • Relaxing properties: anxiousness or nervousness
  • Useful when feeling run down because of lack of sugar (hypoglycaemia). It assists the absorption of sugars and starches
  • Prevents stretch marks and
  • Helps stopping heavy bleeding (example: stopping a nose bleed, gum bleeding, heavy periods).
  • Fights hair loss
  • Works well in the fight against wrinkles and helps firming the skin
  • Useful against age spots
  • Assists in producing a good complexion
  • Eases childbirth and tones the uterus
  • Repels mosquitoes


Good to know: There are fewer relaxing properties in Geranium Bourbon from Egypt than from Madagascar

Administration routes



If you are having dark thoughts, if you are stressed, suffering from insomnia or anxiety, being too emotional, the action of the EO smell will impact on your behaviour and emotions.

At that level, it has the same profile as roses, similar benefits for a much smaller price!

It sanitizes and perfumes agreeably your home whilst repelling mosquitoes with only 5 or 6 drops per diffusion.


Yes. For the same reasons as above. On a handkerchief, a pillow or in a humidifier, or simply by opening the bottle and breathing in slowly and deeply. That, however, doesn’t work for repelling mosquitoes because they cannot sniff the bottle!

It can also be used in inhalation as this will benefit the skin at the same time: a few drops in a bowl with warm water, bend over it for a few minutes with a towel over the head and breathe calmly (it is a very good way to relax if you have an anxious personality).

Dermal route

It is certainly the best way to exploit all the qualities of this EO, both cosmetic and health wise. Because, not only will you benefit from the scent as in olfaction above, but in addition its applications this way are numerous. And of course, it will repel mosquitoes this way too.

Its usage in massage allows muscle relaxation, flush away tension, ease stress and bring a sensation of peacefulness and plenitude.

Geranium is an ally for your cosmetics: ideal cosmetic oil, it is suitable for all skincare in protection and toning. We know it for its cellular regeneration properties that’s why it can be a part of anti-wrinkle products.

Aromatic bath

EO do not dissolve in water. Don’t forget to mix them in a base such as solubol.

Oral route

Following medical advice, notably in its applications in the case of diabetes. Used in cases of inflammation, digestive troubles or weariness, it can be replaced by other EO better suited or simply applied by means of its most tolerated route: the dermal route!


precautionsDanger and counter indications


Rose geranium EO is very well tolerated and does not present known counter-indications in recommended doses and uses.

Pregnant women: this essential oil is to be avoided during the first 5 months of pregnancy and when breastfeeding (with an adapted dosage).


kindsChildren: not advised for children under the age of three.

However, like with all EO, precautions must be taken. This oil contains citronellol, geraniol, linalool that can cause allergies in some cases. Test it first on the skin before application. Avoid for people allergic to these molecules.


Conservation of Bourbon Geranium Essential Oil

Geranium essential oil, like rose, is improving over time. It can, therefore, be kept a very long time (it is, therefore, worth investing in a high-quality product) if it is stocked properly. The colour will change with age but it will not taint it.


A few usage advice:

  • You can simply use rose geranium EO in a massage (20 drops) by diluting it in 50 ml of VO.
  • Deodorant: 1 drop applied under each armpit, pure or diluted in a small amount of hydrating cream
  • Vaginal or urinary mycosis: massage the pelvis with 1 or 2 drops diluted in a VO
  • Wrinkles and fine lines, skin firming: apply 1 drop of EO in your daily dose of day and night cream. Mix in the palm of the hand and apply to the face.
  • To reduce inflammation/irritation of the skin: mix 5 drops of EO in your shower gel
  • Haemorrhoids: 4 or 5 drops of EO diluted in a good tablespoon of VO. Apply locally once or twice a day. More broadly, geranium has healing properties and stimulates blood circulation which explains its efficiency.
  • Soothe small wounds: dilute 2 drops in a teaspoon of VO and apply on a cleaned, dry wound or one drop massaged on the gums if inflamed or bleeding.


As a precaution, EO must be diluted for a dermal application. Dilute in a VO in proportions of generally 5 to 10%.

Ex. Dilution at 5%: for 30ml: put 1.5ml EO(38 drops EO), complete it with a VO.

How aromatherapy can help soothe the pain of a torn muscle?

You’re in dreadful pain as a result of a torn muscle?  Find out how aromatherapy can help you soothe the pain with a few well-chosen essential oils.


What is a torn muscle: explanation and symptoms

The rupture of a muscle can occur at any time after a too intense physical effort. A torn muscle is particularly common with people who love sport but are badly trained or have not done a good warm up.



The typical “dagger strike” type of pain comes about during a physical effort and it stops just as quickly, leaving a discomfort when walking that can be more or less severe. When a sprain has occurred, the passive stretching and contraction of the muscle provokes a pain.


The apparent mechanism is identical to a sprain but is more brutal and the pain is much more intense: walking is difficult albeit impossible. A localised swelling can be observed in the area of the pain and the appearance of a bruise, sometimes extensive in its reach.


How to treat a muscle sprain or tear

At first, time is needed for the muscle to heal and the bruising to disappear.

1- Ice is applied for about ten minutes in order to ease the pain and stimulate blood circulation.

2- The muscle is allowed to rest and all stretching is avoided. Walking with crutches is an option.

For severe lesions, a progressive return to training is essential so as to guarantee a good healing and minimise the risks of recurrence.

Medical treatment: the doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory or analgesic drugs.

To avoid them:

  • Rely on warm-up
  • Stretches at the start (to prepare the muscle for effort and avoid sprains) and the end of training


Should complementary examinations be undertaken?

In muscular pathologies, the use of X-rays is not relevant since they do not show muscles. The most common type of examination would be an ultra-sound. It will show if there is a sprain and show the area affected.


Muscle sprain and aromatherapy


Muscular pain can be the result of several reasons. Perhaps the reasons you are suffering from muscle pain are:

  • After a long and particularly intense training session
  • After an illness
  • A tension or stress-related event at work, in particular in the neck area, or in the head and shoulders
  • After a long trip by car or by plane
  • When affected by a chronic illness such as fibromyalgia
  • As a result of a particular injury…


Regarding muscular pain resulting from an injury, you need always to contact your GP who will be able to help you find the correct treatment and a treatment that will address the under-lying problem that is at the basis of the injury. On the other hand, if your pain follows a training session, the use of EO is an excellent option. In many cases, they will soothe inflammation and improve blood circulation to the affected area.

If you are subject to another type of medical condition, essential oils are a non-invasive option that can be used in parallel with other treatments. They could complement other therapies and help you rest and heal more effectively.

As always, speak to your GP before trying one of these oils.


3 EO to soothe a muscle sprain

Wintergreen EO

It is THE essential oil that every sports person should have at home. Comprising almost 99% of methyl salicylate, it is the “natural aspirin”. Used in local application, it acts as an analgesic and an anti-inflammatory with circulatory components, as well as an antispasmodic (it will reduce muscle contractions). It is often used for bruises, stretches, sprains and contusion…


Basic formula

Dermal application

Wintergreen EO – 3 dropsPlace 3 drops of this EO in the affected area

and massage at length

3 times / day

Until all pain has subsided



peppermint essential oilPeppermint is an excellent option for reducing muscular pain

Used locally, it will relax the lower-back muscles, reduce headaches caused by tension and pain caused by fibromyalgia.

When using this EO, combine it with a VO and massage the affected area. It can also be added to a bath or used as cold or hot compress.



Helichrysum EO (Helichrysum italicum)

Useful against bruises, bumps and blows, it is also a choice EO in the treatment of muscular pain and is therefore essential to have in your aromatherapy kit. Because of its anti-bruising, anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, this EO will reduce inflammation, decrease pain and assist in the repair of blood vessels and nerve endings.




Mountain arnica (Arnica montana): this oily macerate is ideal to fight muscular pain, blows, chocs, bruises. You can use it as a “basis” for diluting EO.


Other options



Lavender has other benefits besides being good for relaxation and enhance sleep. It is also one of the best EO to soothe muscular pain, it will also take care of inflammation and improve blood circulation.




Black pepper EO is ideal for muscular problems and pain. It has a warming effect when used on the skin, making it ideal to improve blood circulation. It also has analgesic properties and can, therefore, be used for arthritic pain and for aching muscles.




  1. EUCALYPTUS CITRIODORA EO (Eucalyptus citriodora)

eucalyptusIt has analgesic, anti-inflammatory and anti-spasmodic properties that are very effective. You can use it for stretching, sprains and muscle soreness. It is often associated with organic Gaultheria essential oil.




Formula for easing a muscle sprain

In a spray bottle or in an opaque roll-on, mix:

Apply the mixture in the place where the pain is at its worst, once every hour for the first day, then spacing it.

Beware, this is a first-aid formula and you should also contact your GP as soon as possible.


A more complete formula:

In addition to a basic formula

Formula by D. Festy

Dermal application

Wintergreen EO – 2 drops

Eucalyptus citriodora EO – 2 drops

Rosemary Verbenon EO – 2 drops

Bay leaf / Laurel EO – 2 drops

Wild Lavender super – 2 drops

Helichrysum EO– 1 drop

VO Arnica – 10 drops

Pour this formula of essential oils on the affected area and massage at length very softly.3 times / day

Until all pain has gone



Always used a supporting oil to dilute essential oils before applying them to the skin

If you are pregnant, you need to consult your GP before trying any of these recipes.

If the pain has been present for over three months and has a strong negative impact on your life, you need to speak to a doctor about it.


What essential oil should I use in my diffuser?


Essential Oils have many properties effective in diffusion and there is no danger of addiction, so enjoy!

The various effects and properties:

antimicrobial and antiviral: they are able to attack microbes and powerful viruses and destroy them as well as stop their proliferation

ex: oregano, eucalyptus

antifungal: they prevent or treat infections due to microscopic fungi

ex: palmarosa, geranium

antiseptic et purifying: they disinfect by destroying germs, sanitizing and deodorising the air

ex: lemon, cajuput


A few ideas for creating an ambience:

  Purifying atmosphere

Citrus ambience: all citrus EO are perfect for deodorising (Bergamot, Lemon, Orange, Exotic Verbena, Mandarin, Grapefruit, Yuzu)

These days, purifying the air has become a necessity given the increasing surrounding air pollution. Here is an idea to purify and sanitize the atmosphere of a room, antibacterial action is guaranteed.

Bergamot, Orange, Lemon (10 drops each)

 Insect repellent essential oils

Some EO give insects a hard time because they have shown to be very effective in repelling them and are also antiparasitic. This is, therefore, a natural alternative to commercial products and they have an agreeable scent ex.geranium, java citronella

A little mixture to keep insects at bay (mosquitoes …):

Lemongrass, Geranium et Basil (10 drops of each)

 Relaxation, calmness and rest

A good suggestion of a mixture of EO for your diffuser that you can make up yourself and that is particularly effective in creating an atmosphere of relaxation and calmness:

Essential oils of orange, mandarin and pine (10 drops of each)

To diffuse in the evening: Sweet Orange, Bergamot, Mandarin or Petitgrain Bigarade all have appeasing virtues

 In winter, breathe deeply

Ambience “deep breathing”, mighty aerial antiseptic: Eucalyptus radiata, Ravintsara, Niaouli, cineole rosemary

Forest ambience: Cypress, Sylvestre pine, Pine

A formula to diffuse in winter:

Ravintsara (10 drops), ho wood, (5 drops) and niaouli (5 drops)

 Revitalising atmosphere

In need of a little help to face up to a hard day: thanks to their quick penetration, EO favour hormone secretion and balance the nervous system

10 minutes of diffusion when getting up, using one of these stimulating EO ex. Lemon or Grapefruit

or a mixture of: Lemon, Lavender (10 drops each) Peppermint (5 drops)

 EO to use in your diffuser against bad odours and tobacco

This mixture is particularly effective in fighting against bad odours: Fine lavenderClary sage (15 drops each) Peppermint (5 drops).

If you are fighting tobacco odours in particular, the following mixture is to be tried: lippia citriodora (verbena), Geranium, Fine lavender (10 drops each) and Cedarwood (5 drops).


You can also create your own floral ambience that will awaken the senses: Bourbon Geranium, fine Lavender, Palmarosa, Ylang Ylang or if you prefer something oriental, you can try Patchouli or Sandalwood

You are ready to invent your own mixture? Here are a few basic principles to help you compose a harmonious odour for diffusion or for other uses (massaging oils or perfume for example).


The different fragrance notes

Fragrances are classified into three large “notes”: the basis notes, the heart notes and the headnotes.

The head notes

A headnote is quickly diffused and can be perceived very quickly but it will fade within 15 minutes.

These are the essences of zests or plants with a citrus odour as well as the pines that produce refreshing and stimulating odours

ex.: lemon, mandarin, orange, grapefruit, bergamot, pinus sylvestris, lemongrass, eucalyptus globulus.

The heart notes

The heart note (molecules with an average volatility) intervenes in a second phase and gives balance to the fragrance. It takes over in order to retain the freshness of the headnotes and announce the warmth of the base notes.

Here we find the essential oils of flowers or herbs. This note rounds off the mixture and gives a floral fragrance if accentuated.

ex: chamomile, true lavender, geranium, rose, petitgrain bigarade, ylang-ylang, linalol thyme, eucalyptus citriodora et eucalyptus radiatapalmarosa.

Basis notes

The basis note or bottom note comes into the air slowly and will remain there for a long time. It is the note that arrives last and stays the longest. It is the note that reaches the olfactive level last but that gives structure to the perfume.

Generally, they correspond to resins and woods, but some can be found in entire plants. These create warm and sensuous scents if accentuated. Beware however to not use a heavy hand with them.

ex. frankincense, cedarwood, rosemary, patchouli, cloves, cinnamon, vetiver, ravintsaraclary sage, sandalwood, vanilla, juniper, saro.


 The right proportions

Basis note: 1 part  // Heart note: 2 parts  // Head note: 7 parts

10% of EO for mixtures using an oil base for the skin

5% of EO for mixtures using an alcohol base for the home or to spray on clothes

precautionsCare to be taken

Not all EO are good for diffusion. Indeed, some of them may be irritating (even harmful) or just to thick for an optimal diffusion.

Essential oils with ketones or phenols

Do not diffuse pure in the air EO containing ketones or phenols as they are able to provoke irritation of the respiratory tract. ex. clove, cinnamon leaf, rosemary camphor, spike lavender, peppermint

Beware of EO containing esters

Do not inhale or diffuse in the air, EO that contain esters such as chavicol methyl (ex. basil or fennel) either hot or cold.

Diffusion in the presence of children or pregnant women

Many EO are not suitable in the presence of children or pregnant women. Seek the advice of an aromatherapist. In any case, you should never diffuse EO in a room where there is a baby or a child. They should enter a room only 10 minutes after the end of a diffusion.

Precautions in the case of disease

People who are asthmatics, epileptics, allergic to camphor or who have a tendency to both hypertension or hypotension, must be very careful in their choice of EO used. Sylvestre pine is forbidden for people suffering from hypertension. Eucalyptus radiata and wild marjoram are forbidden in the case of asthma or epilepsy.


Non-exhaustive list:

Dill / Curcuma / Sweet Fennel / Wintergreen / Italian Everlasting/ Verbenone Rosemary



Bergamot / Bay leaf / Black Spruce / Cardamom / Atlas Cedarwood / Provence Cypress/ Eucalyptus Citriodora / Eucalyptus Radiata / Frankincense / Geranium / Ginger / Grapefruit / Java Citronella /Fine or True Lavender   / Lemon  / Lemongrass

Green Mandarin / Marjoram / Mastic Tree / Niaouli / Orange / Palmarosa / Patchouli / Black Pepper / Petit Grain Bigarade / Pinus Sylvestris / Ravintsara / Rosemary cineole / Rose / Saro / clary sage / Tarragon / Tea Tree


Oils authorised in diffusion but diluted at 20% or +:

Cajuput / Eucalyptus Globulus / Juniper / Lemon Myrtle / Vetiver

Oils authorised in diffusion but diluted at 15% maximum:

Basilic / Roman Chamomile / Peppermint / Spearmint / Ylang Ylang III or Complete

Oils authorised in diffusion but diluted at 10% maximum:

Cinnamon / Clove / Neroli / Oregano / Savory / Thyme Linalol or Thymol


How should you use an EO diffuser?

First of all, ask yourself if you want to use a diffuser simply to perfume and sanitize a room or a spraying diffuser or perhaps a relaxing diffuser. There is a very big difference between a deodorising product and a diffuser. The first one only hides odours by perfuming a room. When doing this, the air remains polluted and you need to repeat the operation time and again. The diffuser, on the other hand, retains the benefits as well as the aromas of the essential oils while diffusing them in the room.

Once you have made your choice, make sure you really understand how the diffuser works so as to optimize its use. Therefore, your first task is to read the instructions carefully.

Ensure that the diffuser is placed in a strategic location in keeping with the orientation of the room and its size. You may want to try a few different places at first until you find the one place that is perfect for an even diffusion in the entire space. You can now pour the amount of essential oil needed with a little water if necessary.

Switch on the diffuser, adjust the setting in order to have a smooth and stable diffusion no matter what time of day and enjoy fully its perfume in your home. You also need to clean it regularly in order to avoid an accumulation of stains.


Is it beneficial to diffuse EO directly into my home?


It is an excellent way of sanitizing spaces and rid them of viruses and bacteria that reside within that space. In addition, it will take care of the occupants of that space in a most agreeable and efficient way. Even though an olfactive route, essential oils may prove to be immune-stimulant for some (ravintsara, tea tree or lemon for example). Others are very active on the central nervous system and are very helpful in overcoming stress (true lavender, mandarin, ylang-ylang for example).



How long can I allow the diffusion of essential oils to last?

Practically, it is suggested to diffuse 10 minutes every two hours, with a diffuser whose power is adapted to the size of the room.

The duration of diffusion and the flow rate chosen depend on the size of the space and the number of people present. In general, you should allow 2 to 3 minutes of diffusion per hour and per person.


Suggestions of usage:

– Create an internal ambience: 30 minutes in the early morning, 30 minutes at the end of the afternoon.

– Deodorize a room or to induce sleep and relaxation: 5 to 10 minutes when getting up and 5 to 10 minutes before bedtime.

– Break down a fever, reduce tiredness and tension, to get rid of germs: 5 to 10 minutes per hour.


precautionsWhat are the necessary precautions to follow when diffusing essential oils?



Use essential oils that are 100% pure and natural.

– Take care of the choice of essential oils (allergies, counter-indications).

– Some oils may show to irritate respiratory mucous, sometimes even they may be neuro-toxic if they are used pure for a length of time.

– Do not diffuse in the presence of children under the age of 3, pregnant or breastfeeding women, epileptic people, or people with allergies or who are asthmatic.

– Place the diffuser so as to have the diffusion occurring away from directly affecting people at the level of their face or eyes.

– Always keep the diffuser and the bottles of essential oils out of reach for children.

– Do not forget your pets. They too may be sensitive to the diffusion.


How many drops on EO should I put in my diffuser?

The number of drops of EO will depend on your choice of the diffuser. The intensity of the perfume depends on the quantity of EO added to the water in some cases.


For a nebuliser, the quantity of EO depending on the size of the room:

In a large room of 30 m² for example, you can use 4 to 5 drops.

For a smaller room such as a bedroom, you may find that 2 drops are enough.

For a mist sprayer, the quantity of EO in regard to the size of the diffuser:

     Diffuser sizeDrop quantity



Can I use a mist sprayer in aromatherapy?

The use in aromatherapy is more limited given that the EO are diluted in water. They are more used to produce an olfactive ambience which will increase in intensity in accordance with the length of the diffusion.

Are mist sprayers of EO really effective?diffuseur-ocelia

Mist sprayers are less effective than nebulisers. The microdroplets contained in the mist are made of water and a weak quantity of EO. These are heavier than those produced by a nebuliser and cannot, therefore, be propagated as easily.

Should I clean an EO mist sprayer?


A mist sprayer needs more care if you want to keep it longer. A regular cleansing (every 3 days) is needed to avoid the build-up of limescale on the ultrasonic tablet which reduces the effectiveness markedly.

To cleanse the mist sprayer: empty the water in the mist sprayer. With a cotton bud dipped in vinegar, rub the metallic circle at the bottom of the container.



Are nebulisers noisy?

Diffusing through a nebuliser produces vibrations coming from the pump that propels air. This generates a small sound that can barely be heard if you are at a fair distance of the diffuser. A little trick to reduce or even eliminate this noise: place a thick piece of material on top of the nebuliser.




Do nebulisers use a lot of EO?

Contrary to other diffusers, a diffusion by nebuliser does not require an addition of water and only lasts for about ten minutes. Some nebulisers have a built-in timer that renders the diffusion almost autonomous (diffusion for 15 minutes followed by an interruption of 30 minutes. This cycle is repeated three times and it then stops automatically). Such an intermittent diffusion will prove to be a saving of your essential oil consumption in the long run.

Are nebulisers hard to clean?

If you are using a nebuliser daily, you will almost never need to clean it.

The only time a cleansing is mandatory is when you haven’t used your diffuser for a long period of time. This cleansing will avoid the drying of essential oils in the diffuser which would consequently block the pump.

The process:

  • Empty the glass section completely (there must not be leftover drops of essential oils at the bottom).
  • Cleanse with a long cotton bud soaked in alcohol about once a month so as to avoid blocking the pump or pour 1 or 2 ml of alcohol at 90° in your diffuser and leave for about 2 minutes. Normally, this should remove any essential oil stains. If it doesn’t work, mix some alcohol with organic lavender essential oil.



What security measures should I take during the diffusion?Diffuser-stonelia

If there are children in the home, make sure they are not near the diffuser so as to avoid any contact with the ceramic surface which can be very hot.



ventilation diffuserCan I use diffusers by ventilation in aromatherapy?

This process of diffusion is not adapted to aromatherapy. If you are aiming at a synergy diffusion of essential oils to heal you, it will not be very effective because each oil will be diffused in an isolated manner depending on the degree of volatility. On the other hand, diffusion by ventilation becomes interesting when creating a purely olfactive ambience.



To finish this article, here is a summary table comparing all the different modes of diffusion:


thanks to:

Essential Oils AND gastro

Essential Oils can soothe all the unpleasant symptoms of a viral, bacterial or nervous gastro (stomach pains, nausea, vomiting…)


 What is gastro enteritis: causes and symptoms?

Gastro-enteritis is an inflammation of the intestinal and stomach mucous due to an infection of the digestive tube which can be of a viral or bacterial origin.

When travelling you may catch what is called the “turista”, or traveller’s diarrhoea which is more often caused by bacteria.

It shows its presence by these  brutal symptoms:

  • Liquid and abundant stools
  • Nausea and/or vomiting
  • Abdominal pain and cramps
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Excessive tiredness

Epidemics of gastro-enteritis are most common in autumn and in winter and are extremely contagious. Transmission of the disease happens through direct contact with a person who has the disease or with contact with contaminated food (direct food intoxication).

Persons at risk and principal dangers of gastro-enteritis:

  • Children under the age of 5
  • Elderly people
  • Deficient people and those having had a renal transplant
  • Patients treated with immune-suppressors or corticoids



  • In the case of a very high fever, if there is blood in the stool or uninterrupted diarrhoea, it is paramount to seek medical assistance as soon as possible.
  • Repeated vomiting and diarrhoea can lead to dehydration (especially with infants and elderly people).

Evaluate if your baby is dehydrated: disinfect your finger and put it in the baby’s mouth. The baby will be dehydrated if the tongue and the internal sides of the mouth are dry or hardly humid.

As a prevention, drink plenty of fluids at regular intervals and in small sips or purchase specific products for oral rehydration from your pharmacist (especially for infants and young children)


Relieve the symptoms of gastro with aromatherapy

(The EO marked with a * are suitable for children)

Non-exhaustive list

The magical EO to treat or prevent gastro-enteritis



If you only had to have one to treat your gastro-enteritis: Compact oregano EO



to be usedProperties:

-powerful anti-infectious action of a broad spectrum

-immuno-stimulant (it will strengthen the natural defences that have been weakened)

It is the most antiseptic of all the EO and shows to be very efficacious in treating several infections of a digestive, respiratory or urinary origin.


One drop diluted in a teaspoon of olive oil or honey, taken orally 3 times a day for a maximum of 2 days. This recipe can be very useful for both a curative action or a preventive one when travelling in countries that necessitate such action.



Do not use with children under the age of 12 or with women who are either pregnant or breastfeeding.

Dermo-caustic: do not use it undiluted on the skin.

Hepato-toxic in high doses.

Do not use it orally without the advice of a health professional.



To rebalance / fight infection

Tea Tree EO *(Melaleuca alternifolia)



to be usedProperties:

Stimulant of the immune system, it acts against viruses and bacterials.


This EO is not advised for pregnant or breastfeeding women or for children under the age of 8.


Chinese cinnamon EO (Cinnamomum cassia)from 12 onwards very diluted

to be usedProperties:

Antibacterial with a very large spectrum of reach.

Antiviral, immuno-stimulant, anti-fermentative and antiparasitic


Do not use with children under the age of 12 or with women who are either pregnant or breastfeeding.

Do not apply to the skin, it could cause irritation.

No prolonged use orally without the advice from a health professional.



Lemon essence (Citrus limon): *



to be usedProperties: 

Antiseptic, antibacterial and antiviral. Digestive stimulant.

This essential oil is very effective against nausea.


This essential oil is photo-sensitive.

Dermo-caustic it needs to be diluted before applying it to the skin.



Ravintsara EO (Cinnamomum camphora)*


As pain relief

Roman Chamomile EO (Chamaemelum nobile) * (anti-spasms, soothing)

Essence of mandarin or orange * (digestive, appeasing)


Against vomiting and nausea


Exotic Basil EO (Ocinum basilicum):

to be usedProperties:

Antibacterial, antiviral and antispasmodic (it is recommended if having intestinal spasms).



Very irritating EO. If applied on the skin, it must be diluted in a VO.

Should not be used with epileptic people, pregnant or breastfeeding women and with children under the age of 8.

No prolonged use orally without the advice of a health professional.


Ginger EO (Zingiber officinalis)(also a digestive tonic and antispasm)

How to use these EO?

Local application: directly on the belly (tolerance test should be carried out beforehand).

The +: create a synergy by mixing EO with different virtues so as to act at the same time on all symptoms of problems caused by gastro

  • One pain relief EO
  • One anti-nausea EO
  • One rebalancing (this one will stimulate the immune system and fight against the virus, the bacteria, … )


Dosage for a local application

For an adult: 5 drops of EO in 5 ml or one teaspoon of VO

kindsFor a child between the age of 3 and 10: 3 drops of EO in 5 ml or one teaspoon of VO


Frequency of application

If the crisis and the pain are of a moderate nature:

Apply this mixture 4 to 5 times a day

If you have a terribly bad gastro: within the first hour following the diarrhea crisis, apply this mixture 4 to 5 times. Diminish the number of applications in the following hours to 3 times then twice. Finally, reduce little by little the frequency of application as the days go by.



– to look after gastro-enteritis

  • 15 drops of exotic basil EO
  • 10 drops of noble laurel EO
  • 5 drops of Chinese cinnamon EO
  • 3 ml of sweet almond VO


This synergy is allergenic and dermo-caustic

Do not use by internal path.

Do not use this recipe with epileptic people, children under the age of 12 and pregnant or breastfeeding women.


Pour 5 drops of this synergy on the belly and massage gently. Apply the mixture 3 times a day for a maximum of 5 days.

kindsFor children *:

  • Lemon EO (detoxifies, anti-infectious, anti-nausea and febrifuge)
  • Tea Tree EO (antibacterial with a large action spectrum) or ravintsara (powerful antiviral)
  • Noble Chamomile (anti-spasmodic, soothing) or mandarin (digestive, appeasing)



Usage of lemon essence on its own: 4 drops of EO in 2 ml of VO. Massage on the stomach area and on the liver area.

Another possible usage: 6 drops in aerial diffusion to fight nausea





Basil essential oil

Usage of basil EO on its own:

2 drops of exotic basil EO in 1 tablespoon of VO and massage slowly on the belly and the lower back morning and evening.




– to fight gastro-enteritis nausea

This duo of EO is very effective to fight against both nausea and vomiting which can occur when a bout of gastro-enteritis comes about.

Place the drops directly in the EO diffuser:


Diffuse in the room for 15 minutes per hour and repeat as often as desired throughout the day.


Lemon essence is not advised if the patient is already taking an anticoagulant medication.

Do not use with pregnant or breastfeeding women or with children under the age of 8.

These synergies must not be used with pregnant women (for the full length of the pregnancy), breastfeeding or with children under the age of 8.


This information is general!

Take all the necessary precautions before embarking on an EO treatment.

Their properties and ways of using them do not constitute a medical advice.

For a therapeutic usage consult a medical practitioner.



The natural assets to treat gastro efficiently

One can also use:

Vegetable coal: for its capability of absorbing toxic gas and toxic molecules, it is a universal detox remedy.


Usage:  3 to 6 capsules per day outside meal times and not at the same time as other medication. It is recommended to abstain from vegetable coal if taking hormonal contraceptives.


Green clay: sanitizes the organism, detoxifies and assists digestion.

green-clayUsage: In the case of diarrhea unrelated to the taking of medication, take one teaspoon of green clay and dissolve it in a glass of water. Mix and leave to rest for a few hours. When the clay has fallen to the bottom of the glass, drink the water and leave the wet clay at the bottom of the glass. Repeat this after each soft or liquid stool.



Some added advice:

  • Avoid eating as long as the vomiting persists (no sugar, milk products or oily substances)
  • Drink a lot of water (no sugary juices, lemon water, rosemary herbal tea, ginger herbal tea, …)

General advice to avoid gastro:

  • Avoid direct contact with people already affected and wash your hands often is soapy water or with a disinfectant hand gel
  • Diffuse or vaporize antiviral/antibacterial EO in the WC (such as ravintsara, lemon or tea tree…)
  • Cook meats thoroughly and wash all fruit and vegetables with care
  • Avoid breaking the cold chain: freeze, defreeze, refreeze.
  • When travelling, avoid drinking tap water and using ice cubes.


Warts and Essential Oils

Warts are so ungainly that people prefer not to talk about them. And yet, when they are there, it is not easy to get rid of them.


Where do warts come from?

wart anatomy
wart anatomy


Warts are in fact small benign skin tumours (non-cancerous), contagious and due to a virus. When the papilloma virus enters the skin cells, it will either proliferate or remain inactive, in a “sleep” phase. After the virus has been contracted, a wart may grow, either straight away or, sometimes, months or even years later when the body is experiencing an immune deficiency.



There are several types of warts:

Flat warts: affect mainly young people and those whose immune system has been weakened. You can mostly see them on the face or on the back, on the arms, knees and the inside of the legs.

To recognise them: generally small in size, between 3 and 4 mm in diameter, the colour is generally that of the skin, a light pink colour. The surface is relatively smooth as opposed to vulgar warts. The latter are often of a coarse texture.


Vulgar warts: These are found on the back of the hands and fingers and are generally painless.

To recognise them: the aspect is like a hard, coarse, skin-coloured dome.

They are benign and present absolutely no danger. Sometimes they may even disappear after a few months without any intervention.

Skinny warts are also vulgar warts but these have an elongated shape and are found in children on eyelids and around the mouth.

Plantar warts: (deeper and situated on the weight-bearing areas of the foot). These can often not be noticed for a while.

To recognise them: a rough nodule accompanied by little black dots (these correspond to small blood vessels, hence the possibility of bleeding at the level of the wart).

These can spread by themselves, from one foot to the other for example.

Condyloma warts: These are genital warts.

They are the result of another virus. They are sexually transmitted and can be a health hazard as they increase the risk of cervix cancer. However, most of the time no other symptom appears and this pathology disappears after some time. It is in fact very common in people who are sexually active.

Several solutions for warts: 

What we mean is solutions by natural methods:

– garlic (first pierce it with a needle so as to allow the juices to come out and rub it on the wart morning and night),

– lemon (macerate a lemon rind in white vinegar overnight. Use a small square of rind and place the white side on the wart. Keep it in place with a plaster and leave it on overnight. Repeat this for several days),

– potato or aloe vera

or some stronger ones:

– extreme cold: liquid nitrogen

removal of warts in dermatology


The dermatologist will freeze the wart with liquid nitrogen for several seconds. Do you remember those visits to the dermatologist with his liquid nitrogen bottle when you were little? It was so painful…



– acid solutions: formic acid

Formic acid (secreted by ants when they attack or defend themselves) is what is contained in the anti-wart pens available without a medical prescription at your local pharmacy.

EO and warts: the answer!

And yet, EO and warts are a marriage that works! The aim is to choose a highly dermo-caustic EO, meaning: one that is aggressive to the skin and that can be applied directly on the wart so as to burn it (same principle as formic acid).

How to apply it?

What not to do: pour a drop on the wart straight from the bottle of EO.

Why not? The EO goes everywhere, even on the healthy skin

The right thing to do: Pour a drop on a cotton bud (it will remind you of the liquid nitrogen) and apply it on the wart: only the wart area is targeted and none is spilled around.


What EO to use for warts?

All those that are dermo-caustic will be fine. Adding to that, they are also excellent anti-viral products. The leaf of Ceylon cinnamon is often used but also cloves or wild savory, or even a mixture of some of these.

Should they be diluted? Personally, I don’t think so if you want to access the dermo-caustic properties of the EO that will burn the excrescence. This also means that you must avoid pouring it next to the area and that regularity is needed.


Excellent anti-infectious thanks to the greatest presence of phenols (carvacrol + thymol) that will work at killing the HPV virus. These are effective against warts that appear on the skin after a skin infection linked to a virus. The clove bud EO is also a mild natural anaesthetic that will help soothe the burning pain of the wart and will favour healing.


The molecules responsible for the anti-viral action are aromatic aldehydes. You won’t find these molecules in other EO. This EO, very irritating (protect your eyes when you are using it), is to be chosen for plantar warts. For other warts, other oils should be chosen.


Antibacterial, antifungal and anti-microbial, it is effective in the case of infected wounds or those presenting a risk of infection. If wounds are properly sanitised, they will heal and the appearance of a wart will be limited.


Limonene is present in a large quantity (56 to 78%) and therefore will stop the development of the virus, thus reducing the eventual risk of a relapse or the return of the wart. Its antibacterial and antiseptic properties improve its efficacity in getting rid of warts. Remember that this essential oil is photo-sensitive.


This EO has a strong “immune stimulant” property that allows the body to fight and eliminate warts. The oil, through its “burning” effect, helps to remove warts because of its active ingredient: carvacrol. This EO is effective in eliminating a large variety of warts.

or make a synergy:


In an empty bottle  add equal parts of the following EO (reminder = 1 drop =0.025ml  // 1ml = 25drops):

Savory EO / Tea Tree EO / cinnamon EO / Lemon EO

Instructions for use

Pour one drop of this 4 EO mixture (or of one of the EO listed above) on a cotton bud and dab the wart. Repeat this operation several times a day, morning and night if needed. Take of the bits of dead skin and continue to care for the wart until it has gone entirely (irritating oils, beware not to pour some on healthy skin: you can surround the wart with some nail polish or butter to avoid spilling out of the affected area).


Tea tree EO 1.5 ml + Lemon EO 1.5 ml + Cloves bud EO 1 ml: apply one or two drops of this mixture with a cotton bud on the wart morning and night for 21 days.


Once the warts are burnt off, other skin care oils should be used, such as coconut VO or lavender EO can be applied to the skin in order to restore a healthy skin. This application will also work in avoiding the return of a wart.

Beware: The EO suggested are dermo-caustic. They are recommended essentially for the care of warts on feet and hands. On the face, or other sensitive areas, you should look at other solutions that are better adapted and you should consult your dermatologist.

Some added advice:

To prevent warts

✗ Wash your hands after touching a wart

✗ Being rested and relaxed will reduce the risks of catching warts. Your body’s natural defences are less effective during periods of stress and fatigue.

✗ Do not scratch, even if it is very hard!

✗ If someone in your household has warts, do not share toiletries or towels

To prevent plantar warts

✗ Avoid walking bare feet on moist surfaces in public places (gymnasium, swimming pool, beach … ). Put on some footwear when you come out of the pool or when you are walking on the beach.

To prevent warts on hands and fingers

✗ Avoid nibbling the little skins around your nails. These skin micro-traumas allow the virus to enter into your system and it is well known that fingers are a particularly sensitive terrain.

✗ Wash your hands several times a day.




Another trick: I don’t know if this plant exists in Australia: Celandine (Chelidonium majus L.), with its small yellow flowers, is fantastic to get rid of warts: you cut a stem and put the juice on each wart 2 to 3 times a day for a week. The warts go black and then disappear.