A healthy skin is protected on the surface by a hydro-lipid film, formed principally by water and some lipids (sebum).
A dry skin, very dry, extra dry is by its nature fragile and easily irritated. If dehydrated for too long, problems may arise. It will have a tendency to age more quickly!
So, it is the SEBUM secreted by the skin that determines PRINCIPALLY the type of skin: too much sebum, the skin will shine and, if not enough, it will tug.
It is therefore important to know your TYPE of SKIN so as to determine the types and proportions of fatty acids your skin needs to regain its balance and play fully its role of barrier.
Add to this, Skin Characteristics:
- A mature skin: the result of ageing and a loss of elasticity and firmness. Wrinkles begin to appear as well as some slackening, a loss of firmness making the shape of the face sag.
- A sensitive skin: the skin is uncomfortable and has excessive reactions (redness, itching…) at simple contact with external factors (wind, humidity, sun, cosmetics, spicy food…)
- A dehydrated skin: due to a lack of water in the skin. All type of skins (dry, oily or mixed) can present this problem. Skin dehydration becomes apparent by a loss of radiance and discomfort such as tugging, especially after cleaning. This is a transient problem and can easily be solved by drinking at least 1.5litre of water/day.
How to determine your Skin Type
If you answer
- NO to both questions => NORMAL SKIN
- YES to question 1 and NO to question 2 => OILY SKIN
- NO to question 1 and YES to question 2 => DRY SKIN
- YES to both questions => MIXED SKIN
How to take care of your skin?
1. Cleansing: to remove impurities and allow the skin to breathe. It must be gentle and respect the pH of the skin’s acidity. It is therefore very important at night as it will remove impurities gathered during the day: oil, dust, make-up. In the morning, a simple rinsing suffices for most of us.
2. Hydrating: essential if one wishes to have a lovely skin! The stratum corneum (superficial layer) of the skin, helped by a well chosen moisturising cream will form a protective film against outside aggressions avoiding the loss of dermal water.
Hydrating needs 2 types of ingredient:
The humectants (glycerine or aloe vera for example) that retain water and emollients (vegetable oils) that keep the hydration by making a protective occlusive barrier while procuring a softness of touch.
3. Exfoliation: Exfoliation allows the removal of dead cells that tarnish the complexion. Choose a gentle defoliant with micro-grains or make one yourself (4 spoons of fine salt for 2 spoons of hazelnut oil or almond oil). Massage in a circular movement to reactivate blood circulation and revive your complexion’s radiance. Ideally this should be done weekly.
4. Protect: In order to avoid an accelerated ageing of the skin it must be protected from climatic aggressions: cold, wind and mostly sun. It is the culprit of the origin of wrinkles because of the free radicals it produces and these appear in your forties. Our skin can produce antioxidants that fight free radicals but it can easily feel overworked
2 ways to fight by dermal application against the emergence of new wrinkles:
Applying products rich in antioxidants (Polyphenols, Vitamin E, Essential Oils, Vegetable Oils…) and that contain anti UV filters (FPS: 2 to 5) such as Macadamia or Jojoba.
Protecting the skin when exposed to the sun using mineral filters that protect against UV A and B*. This is a must for those who live under the sun most of the year !
* UVA are responsible for tanning but they encourage ageing of the skin and the apparition of wrinkles. They are the cause of elastin and collagen degradation. The exposure to UVB drives tanning but also delayed burns (sunburn). They encourage skin ageing and skin cancers.
Given that our diet lacks Essential Fatty Acids (Omega 3 and/or Omega 6), our skin is also lacking and becomes dry and rough.
Also, with age the protecting sebum becomes scarce and our skin dries more quickly.
The stratum corneum contains triglycerides or their derivatives, found in our diet, often in cooking oils, but also in fatty fish and in some vegetables.
When such vegetable oils are applied to the skin, it will absorb them entirely because it recognises them and knows how to use them where they are needed.
Your skin will regain an exhilarating health.
Vegetable oils and Skin types
Vegetable oils for normal skins:
- Jojoba oil
- Grape seed oil
- Oily maceration of Carrot (Article: How to make carrot oil? From fairlady’sdiary)
Homemade Carrot Oil:
- 2 or 3 organic carrots
- a ‘dry’ vegetable oil (jojoba, hazelnut…)
- wash the carrots and chop up or slice (do not remove the skin)
- let dry for one or two hours (can be done in the oven to avoid fermentation of the carrots)
- during the drying process, cover with a fine gauze to protect them from insects
- place the slices in a container and cover with vegetable oil
- leave for 3 weeks in a dark place and stir from time to time
- filter and condition in a sterilised container
This oil is photo-protective and filled with antioxidants. It nourishes the skin, slows down its ageing and gives a healthy glow as well as retaining a tan.
Vegetable oils for sensitive skins
Sweat almond / Calendula / Cotton seed / Rose hip Oil
Vegetable oils for mature skins
Prickly pear Oil
- in a Face Care TREATMENT: 5%
- in a Body Care TREATMENT: 10%
- in a Cosmetic Care: 2%
Read here what EO are the best for wich Skin Types
And here for EO are the best for wich Skin Problems
For a Truly Healthy Skin
They often bring very little beneficial elements to your skin. Some contains harmful and/or non-biodegradable ingredients.
Cleanse your face every night
By cleansing all impurities gathered during the day (sebum, pollution) it allows the skins to breathe and to regenerate during the night
Listen to the needs of your Skin rather than to the marketing advice of the cosmetic industry
If it tugs, it means it is not comfortable and it needs natural ingredients that will help it recover its “comfort”.
If it shines, it means it is saturated and lesser amounts are needed. Your skin only absorbs what it needs.
Choose a Healthy Diet (not industrial)
- Stop eating industrial dishes rich in saturated fatty acids or trans (listed “vegetable oil” on the label).
- Mix your usual oils with oils rich in Omega 3 (rapeseed, flax or walnut)
- Eat lots of fruit and vegetables (highly coloured) rich in antioxidants.
Buy the natural ingredients your skin needs
- 1 universal vegetable oil such as Jojoba: non-clogging, it regulates sebum in all skins
- 1 essential oil with the required properties (anti-inflammatory when it is cold or after sunburn, anti-bacterial when plagued by acne, vein decongesting for cellulite problems. Always make sure there is not allergic area.
- 1 hydrolat to bring to the skin the acidity it needs.