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How to use Black Spruce Essential Oil?

Essential oil

Black Spruce Essential Oil: the invigorating one from the Big North

Just plain tired or in poor shape? The black spruce Essential Oil is known for bringing back strength and energy.

It is also used against respiratory infections and joint pain because of its anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties. In diffusion, it is believed to cleanse the air and give you back your dynamism.

You will essentially need it in case of:

  • Tiredness and need for energy
  • Respiratory infections


We also know the Black spruce as dwarf spruce, it is a conifer from North America and Canada. The climatic conditions are often severe in those parts. Among the many species of spruce listed (about 40), the black spruce is reputed for being exceptionally resistant to low temperatures.

Growing on mountain slopes, its height varies between 6 and 8 metres when the conditions are the most extreme (climate, soil dry and acid, etc.) but it can reach 20 metres when the environment is more propitious to its growth (less severe climate, more fertile soil, etc.).

This conifer has a greyish-brown bark, rough boughs and leaves in the shape of needles. Its fruit is a cone of a reddish-brown colour measuring about 4cm.

Canadian Inuit have been using this plant for a long time, be it in traditional medicine or for more spiritual practices. The cones, for example, are used against diarrhoea in decoction, the resin is the base product for a balm to treat burns and the cones are also chewed like clove to help with toothache.

It takes 1 kg of needles to produce 10 ml of black spruce essential oil.

Composition of Black Spruce essential oil

  • Monoterpenes (50%) : camphene (10-15%), alpha-pinene (13-16%)
  • terpenic esters: bornyl acetate (30-37%)
  • Monoterpenols (2,5%) : borneol
  • Sesquiterpenes
  • Sesquiterpenols

It is the thorns of this conifer that are distilled (presence of alpha-pinenes) and are irritating to the skin. Therefore it cannot be applied pure.

Properties of the Black Spruce essential oil

  • cortisone-like: formidable for fighting against exhaustion or a lack of stamina.
  • The presence of esters presents great antispasmodic properties physically, but it has also a soothing effect psychologically without being a sedative.
  • antiseptic, anti-infectious (presence of monoterpenes)
  • anti-inflammatory 


Better breathing: antibacterial

Bronchitis (important quantity of secretion from throat or nose, sinusitis), eases a cough and helps the expulsion of throat secretions.

Move better; Anti-inflammatory

To include in synergies to relieve aches from rheumatism and arthrosis.

Acts on the hyperthyroid.

Sleep and Energy: invigorating and energising.

It has cortisone mimetic qualities: it will give back stamina, energy in case of weariness or exhaustion. It stimulates the immune defences and the adrenal glands (cortisone-like effect) in the case of a sudden tiredness, asthenia even exhaustion. In particular, in the case of thyroid problems (hyperthyroid), the cortico-adrenal glands take over to fight the resulting tiredness, and it is necessary to assist them.

For the skin: fungicide and antiseptic

Recommended against mycosis of the skin, gynaecological and intestinal, skin parasites and at the intestinal level.

It is also used to relieve acne, psoriasis and eczema in synergy with other essential oils.

Household products: aerial antiseptic

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Indications and administration routes of Black Spruce EO

dermal allowedIn local application:

  • thanks to its anti-inflammatory properties, it is recommended against muscular and joint pain, rheumatism, arthrosis, but can also be used against inflammations of the prostate (prostatitis) or of the urinary tract, and an application to the lower abdomen or perineal.
  • Revitalising, it stimulates the immune defences: massage just above the kidneys is the most effective solution in cases of great fatigue, recovering from an illness, exhaustion be it physical or nervous.
  • It is a very good antispasmodic because of the esters it contains… which can be useful when feeling anxious, bouts of spasmophilia, stress, feeling of being oppressed. Massage the plexus area and if possible along the spine.

diffusionBy diffusion:

Since it is an aerial antiseptic, it works well as an air sanitiser as well as giving the atmosphere some vitality and dynamism.

– in inhalation: for sinus problems and bronchitis (using a massage on the soles of the feet or along the spine works well also).

– in olfaction: bring the open bottle at the level of the mouth/chin then breathe deeply and count to 5. Follow this by expiring slowly, counting to 5 also. Do this 5 times in a row. Repeat this several times throughout the day if necessary.

This mode of usage is perfect to regain energy, courage, assurance and even enthusiasm.

-in diffusion: for 15-20 minutes morning and/or afternoon. Not in the evening given that it is an EO that gives energy.


  • externally: Like all other EOs coming from conifers, it can be irritating if used pure.

– along the spine or on the solar plexus

– on rheumatic areas of pain

To give you a kickstart

Massage: 3 drops in 1 ml of VO in the palm of the hand and massage the feet to get back energy, or in the lower back at the level of the kidneys. Repeat this 3 times a day.

Arthritis, arthrosis

3 drops in 1 ml of VO and then massage on the painful areas.

Bronchitis, an important quantity of secretions in the throat, sinusitis

Massage: dilute 2 drops of Black Spruce EO in 4 drops of VO.

For bronchitis and secretions, apply this mixture to the thorax and the upper part of the back. For sinusitis, apply at the level of the nose (be careful not to go near the eyes).

Repeat this 3 times a day until the symptoms have disappeared (maximum of 7 days).


For whom?

pregnant not allowedNot recommended during the first trimester of pregnancy

kids+6 not allowedNot recommended  for children under the age of 12

Care should be taken with people who suffer from either asthma or epilepsy

Ask your medical practitioner for an opinion if using it to treat a thyroid condition.

In conclusion, for a massage with this essential oil, you need to remain attentive to:

-the risk of skin irritation

-never apply it purely on the skin and always dilute it in a VO.

  • By diffusion: 2 to 3 drops in an electric diffuser, for a few minutes to cleanse the ambient air and create an invigorating climate.
  • Other uses: it is possible to pour 10 drops in a lid filled with a neutral gel to use in the bath to provide an invigorating bath particularly effective.

Possible association: Sylvestre pine (Pinus sylvester) or maritime pine (Pinus pinaster), to create a tonic synergy, diluted in 20% of vegetable oil.


-to avoid during pregnancy, breastfeeding, and in children under the age of 7.

-in children aged over 12,

-in diffusion or in massage (make sure to dilute 1 drop of EO in 10 drops of VO).

-Prudence applies to people suffering from asthma or who are epileptics.

-Ask your medical practitioner for advice in the case of thyroid problems.

-Irritant, do not apply pure. Dilute it in a VO for a skin application.

-Do not use in case of nephritis.

-Cortisone-like: counter-indicated in the case of cancer or if suffering from hormonal worries.

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All yogurts (animal or plant-based) can be flavored with essential oils. In an unsweetened yogurt, add a spoonful of honey in which you’ll dilute the essential oil of your choice. For a classic flavor, add two drops of citrus essential oils. For an exotic yogurt, add a drop of Ylang Ylang essential oil. This also works for whipped cream!


Flavor your olive oil: for 1 liter of edible oil, add 15 drops of rosemary or basil essential oil (or 8 drops of each) to one liter of cold-pressed extra virgin olive oil. Shake well to mix the different oils and let it rest for about a day before using it to season salads, pasta, vegetables, fish fillets, and more.


Add 1 or 2 drops of essential oil to half a spoonful of honey, agave syrup, or mashed fruit, mix it into an ice cube tray, cover with water, and freeze!

Here are some quick ideas to get started


  • In the case of a cake, chocolate mousse, or pancakes: add essential oils directly to the batter, which is sweet and rich in fats.
  • For syrup to drizzle over your cakes after baking, or for your ice creams: mix 250g of sugar syrup with about 4 drops of citrus essence (4 drops of one citrus or 1 drop of 4 different citruses, for example).
  • Jams, marmalades, or honey: add a few drops of essential oils (e.g., lavender, thyme, or citrus essences).
  • Season a pasta dish: add 4 drops of Clary Sage essential oil to a 400g pasta dish.
  • Flavor rice: add one drop of Lemongrass essential oil to 400g of rice.
  • Enhance an apple crumble with cinnamon essential oil

The essential oils most commonly used in cooking:







Le+ santé




Allium sativum

Odeur forte difficile à utiliser

.aïoli or garlic butter

. enhance the flavor of your sauces (tomato, dressing)


natural antibiotic

helps lower bad cholesterol and reduce blood sugar levels 

Difficult to digest




Anethum graveolens

Slightly  anised and fresh 

cream-based sauces to season fish, especially salmon

vegetables (potato, zucchini)

salads (cucumber)


Stimulates digestive secretions and the gallbladder

Risk of nephrotoxicity after prolonged and high dose ingestion



Ocimum basilicum

The essential oil of Basil has a stronger taste than the aromatic herb we know:

fruit desserts

poultry (chicken)

fish (calamari)

sauces (tomato, garlic)

pasta (garlic-olive oil, tomato)

vegetables (tomato, zucchini, coco beans)

olive oils


Relieves all intestinal and gastric problems Recommended for flatulence, bloating, and abdominal pain



Java citronella

Cymbopogon winterianus

Acidic and lemony flavour


Indian or Asian-inspired dishes

marinades, sauces (coconut milk)





Coriander (seeds)

Coriandrum sativum

Earthy and slightly camphorated fragrance

savory dishes (such as hummus)

Asian and Mexican cuisine

soups (pumpkin, carrot)

sauces (tomato, béchamel, coconut milk)



Aid for various digestive issues, bloating, and stomach-aches




Artemesia dracunculus

Light note

gratins, seasoning oils, and sauces (béarnaise, sour cream)

vegetable dips

meats (rabbit, beef)


Effective against colitis and intestinal spasms

Not recommended for use with anticoagulant treatments or coagulation disorders


Sweet Fennel

Fresh taste


gaspacho, tomato tart, fougasse, salads

Against flatulences and indigestions



Bay Laurel

Laurus nobilis

Sweet, bitter and fresh flavor


vegetables or fresh cheese

meats (game, pork, pâté, terrine)

fish (tuna, sardine)

sauces (béchamel, tomato)

vegetables (potato, tomato)



Pairs well with thyme



Origanum majorana


Sunny vegetables: tomatoes, eggplants, bell peppers… In savory tarts or pizzas

Recommended for hypertensive individuals

Closely related to oregano with a finer flavor



Mentha arvensis

Milder flavor than Peppermint


Hepato-digestive stimulant

Very potent taste; a single drop is sufficient to season your dishes and drinks


Mentha piperita


Ideal for salads (cucumbers), cold soups (peas), fresh cheeses, mixed with chocolate, or in your drinks Ideal for salads (cucumbers), cold soups (peas), fresh cheeses, mixed with chocolate, or in your drinks

Facilitate digestion



Mentha spicata

An even milder flavor than Peppermint or Field Mint


Moroccan tea


If you like the scent and taste of fresh mint, we recommend using this essential oil in your dishes instead.

Rosemary Cineole or Verbenon

Rosemarinus officinalis


Meats, fish, soups Poultry (chicken, turkey) Vegetables (zucchini, garlic) Sauces

Verbenon variety: detoxifying and liver protection

Pairs well with Bay Laurel and Thyme


Savory (Winter)

Satureja montana

Spicy, phenolic flavour

Pizzas, saucy dishes, mefrenats

Stimulates natural defenses



Clary Sage

Clary sage


pasta, broths and soups


Pairs well with Rosemary or Bay laurel


Thyme Linalol

Thyumus vulgaris

Very strong taste, best used in cooked dishes

Marinades, sauces (tomato), vinaigrettes, and vegetable preparations




Thyme  Thujanol

Lighter taste than Thyme Linalool

meat, fish, sauces





Flowers– Fruits 





The  +



Citrus bergamis

Tangy and sweet flavour


Poultry (chicken breast)

Fish (carpaccio, en papillote)


Sauces (olive oil)

Pastries (cake, shortbread, madeleine)

Fruit salads (citrus, banana)

Infusion (iced tea)


Aids digestion, prevents constipation and intestinal infections Appetite stimulant



Citrus limonum


Desserts or beverages

Fish sauces

Cake or sorbet preparation

Flavoring plain yogurt

Meat (veal)

Poultry (hen, chicken breast)

Shellfish (scallops)

Braised dishes (tagine)

Marinades (alone or with thyme, basil, cloves)


Cleanses and stimulates the liver. It also eases digestion and helps reduce gas and bloating

Pairs well with mint / peppermint essential oil

Geranium Rosat

Pelargonium graveolens

Floral flavour



Red fruit desserts (crumbles, panna cotta, muffins, strawberries…)

Creams (crème brûlée, ice cream)

Fruit salads (kiwi), pairs well with red fruits, nectarines (peach)


Appetite suppressant to regulate blood sugar



Lavandula angustifolia

Floral, herbal scent


Candy, shortbread, sorbets

In savory dishes, in flavored olive oil for salads

Jams (apricot)

Pastries (crème brûlée, ice cream)




Green Mandarin

Citrus reticulata


Sweet and tangy flavour


Juices or cocktails

Pumpkin soups

Poultry (poultry breast)

Shellfish (scallops)

Fish (monkfish, whiting)



Digestive tonic, against aerophagia Anti-inflammatory for the intestines Useful for heartburn, acidity


Orange (Sweet)

Citrus sinensis

Sweet and fruity


Chocolate desserts

Meat (beef, pork)

Poultry (duck, guinea fowl)

Fish (white fish)

Soups (carrot)

Sauces (olive oil, mayonnaise)

Pastries (cake, madeleine, cheesecake)

Creams (crème brûlée)

Fruit salads (with cinnamon)


Bitter tonic, against stomach spasms

Pairs well with  Cardamom or cinnamon

Petit Grain Bigarade 

Citrus aurantium

Fruity, with a flavor close to orange blossom

Fruity preparations (crumble, jam).

Pastries (cake, shortbread, madeleine, crepe)

Creams (custard, crème brûlée, flan caramel)

Fruit salads


Pairs well with citrus fruits (orange), honey, nectarines (peach)


Difficult digestion, bloating, digestive spasms, stomachaches


in eggnog for better sleep:

1 drop with 1 egg yolk, 1 teaspoon of honey and 25 ml milk to drink at bedtime



Citrus paradisi

Tangy and sweet

Avocado salads and desserts galore: tarts, syrups, shortbread, or sorbets


Suppresses appetite Difficult digestion


Lemon Verbena 

Lippia citriodora

Lemon scented


Dairy products, pies, fruit salads, smoothies, or infusions

Fish (monkfish, sea bass)

Shellfish (oyster)

Fruit compote (peach, pear)

Desserts (ice cream, parfait, panna cotta, custard, crème brûlée)

Pastries (madeleine, shortbread, cake)



Internal worms


Ylang Ylang Complete


Pronounced floral scent

Chocolate and apples









The +


Cinnamon (bark)

Cinnamomum verum

Warm and sweet flavor

All desserts: fruits in all forms, cakes, compotes…

Braised dishes (tagine, curry)


vermifuge and helps combat digestive disorders, gastric pain, urinary or intestinal infections.

Increases appetite.

Very potent oil that should not be used undiluted


Elettaria cardamomum

Spicy favour

Savory dishes or fruity desserts (orange, peach).

Ideal in coffee or black tea

Carrot salad

Basmati rice


Aids in the prevention of aerophagia


Clove bud

Syzygium aromaticum


Curry dishes

Apple desserts

Breath freshener



Curcuma longa

Savory and discreet flavo


Mayonnaise, rice, potatoes, or fish



Bloating, colitis, difficult digestion



Zingiber officinale

Spicy and lemony flavor

Soups, gingerbread, shortbread, rhubarb pies


Useful in case of constipation, nausea


Black Pepper 

Piper nigrum

Spicy, hot, woody


for seasoning meats, poultry, sauces, and vegetables (mashed potatoes, mushrooms)

Bloating, hepatic-pancreatic insufficiency, difficult digestion, lack of appetite.



Pink Pepper

Schinus molle

Peppery, hot, spicy


Meats (beef carpaccio)

Poultry (duck)

Fish (salmon)

Shellfish (oyster)

Fruits (apple)”

Top of Form


Digestive disorders, intoxication, intestinal infections


Digestive and Purifying Essential Oils:

  • Dill, Celery, Cumin, Fennel, Basil, Lemon, Tarragon, Mint


Tonic and Antibacterial Essential Oils:

  • Ceylon Cinnamon (bark), Ginger, Mint, Thyme (linalool chemotype), Lemongrass, Turmeric, Clove, Savory


Soothing and Mild Essential Oils:

  • Cardamom, Lavender, Sweet Orange, Lemon Verbena, Lemon, Mandarin, Bitter Orange Petitgrain, Vanilla (resinoid), Ylang-Ylang



Precautions When Using Essential Oils

First and foremost, several essential oils are toxic and should not be ingested. While essential oils like lemon or coriander can be used, it’s essential to steer clear of curly parsley oil, which is highly toxic.

Therefore, it is crucial to research each oil before adding them to your recipes. Ingesting toxic essential oils can lead to symptoms ranging from mild irritation of the mouth’s mucous membranes to nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea. Some essential oils can even cause seizures or respiratory problems.


At-Risk Individuals

  • Prohibited for pregnant women in the first 3 months of pregnancy, as well as infants under 3 months.
  • Pregnant women beyond 3 months and those who are breastfeeding should exercise caution in both aromatic cooking and aromatherapy. Some oils are contraindicated for them.
  • Keep essential oils out of the reach of children.


Essential oils can trigger allergic reactions.




  • Only use 100% pure, 100% natural, and chemotyped essential oils, preferably certified as organic. This ensures a high-quality product with a known chemical composition and free from pesticides.


  • Avoid using essential oils in baby food (up to 3 years old): firstly, some essential oils may be contraindicated for young children, and secondly, babies already have a wide range of flavors to discover!


  • For children under 6 years old, their palates are still developing a taste for “classic” flavors. They may not appreciate the unique aromas of aromatic cooking. It’s better to introduce them gradually starting from the age of 6, beginning with familiar flavors like citrus, for example.


  • Never swallow essential oils undiluted or even on a sugar cube because they are highly concentrated.


  • Always dilute essential oils in a fatty and/or sweet substance: honey, oil, cereal syrup, cake batter, etc. Water, broth, or milk is not sufficient; a syrupy or fatty substance is required. Dosage must be precise to the drop!


Sometimes, one drop too many can render the preparation inedible. So, respect some basic rules:

  • Never incorporate the oil directly into the dish with the dropper, as an accidental drop can easily happen.
  • Always dilute the drop(s) in a spoonful of fatty or syrupy substance before adding it to the preparation.
  • Follow the number of drops indicated in the recipe or, if in doubt, stick to 1 drop per dish.

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